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[Textile chemical fiber industry restructuring and ]
Release date:[2017/11/7] Read a total of[2024]time

Chemical fiber industry chain as an important national economy, basic industries, integrated into the development of the times, shoulder the responsibility of the former. However, the links in the industrial chain are interlocked. After decades of development and accumulation, the newly put into operation of factories such as polyester and PTA are constantly increasing, causing serious overcapacity in the industry and declining industrial profits. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the chemical fiber industry has taken the initiative to recognize the new normal and is committed to adapting itself to leading the new normal, solidly advancing the supply-side structural reforms, and turning point in order to reduce production capacity, transform and upgrade for development. It has withstood the test of bathing fire and has attracted world-wide attention Achievements, the overall recovery of the industry to achieve good.

    The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that the Bank continued to deepen the supply-side structural reforms, insisted on capacity-building, inventory reduction, leverage reduction, cost reduction and short-boarding, optimized the allocation of stock resources, expanded the supply of high-quality incremental supplies and realized the dynamic balance between supply and demand.

    Qiu Qianqian, an analyst at Golden League, said: First of all, due to the large investment in polyester raw material PTA industry in the past seven years, PTA capacity has expanded from less than 15 million tons / year in 2010 to more than 46.5 million tons / Year, an increase of more than 2 times, resulting in PTA overcapacity situation, the industry for several years into a loss, even the leading enterprises also once loss, thus, the industry occurred once "to capacity, to inventory" supply-side reform and structural adjustment.

    In the supply-side reform, the cost of non-raw materials produced by PTA can be controlled at 500-600 yuan / ton for leading enterprises with new installations, large-scale production capacity and good cost control. However, the non-raw material cost of old inefficient plants is between 800 ~ 1000 yuan / ton; business costs vary greatly between large scale, inefficient devices such as the loss of the old device was forced to stop long-term parking out. According to statistics, the current long-term parking capacity of more than 11.85 million tons, more than PTA total capacity of 1/4, making PTA normal operation capacity of only 34,155,000 tons, and a substantial increase in industry concentration, the industry's top two private enterprises Yisheng and Hengli Petrochemical) accounted for nearly 55% of the normal operation capacity, and the capacity utilization rate of normal operation capacity also increased to about 90%.

    Secondly, in the polyester industry, according to the statistics of Golden Link, from 2010 to 2014, the polyester production capacity increased from 28.6 million tons / year to 44.32 million tons / year with an average annual growth rate of 11.4% in production capacity, and the "additive" Polyester industrial chain market, have to face the situation of overcapacity. Polyester industry chain-related market sectors are structural, regional, overcapacity characteristics, making the polyester chain related industries in the market since the fourth quarter of 2011 has been in the down phase, the continuous decline of the polyester chain-related industries. Since 2015, the polyester market, which has been continuously deepening its business of "going to capacity and going to inventory," has also enjoyed good news on the profitability of polyester-related products while making "subtraction". At the same time, the profitability of individual polyester products at the best time Up to 1,000 yuan / ton above.

    In addition, the total output of China's polyester industry chain ranks the first in the world in terms of total output of production. However, the international trade friction has been continuously increasing in recent years. The anti-dumping cases against the export of related products in the United States, Japan, Pakistan and other countries have continued to grow. This also warned that China's polyester industry chain-related products in international competition, not only the price and quantity advantages, but also should have high-quality advantages. I believe the chemical fiber industry chain-related industries in the country under the guidance of the relevant policy economy, continue to focus on innovation, optimize the industrial structure, change the driving force of growth, we can have a better future!

    Finally, the polyester polyester industry downstream of the chemical fiber industrial chain, the demand in the terminal textile industry steadily increased, the supply of production capacity is still maintaining a slow growth in demand for some polyester products this year, the supply situation was tight. The upgrading of the terminal textile-related industries is still in the midst of a transitional period of pain. However, the future of textile powerhouses will also indicate a new direction for the polyester and polyester industry.

    Environmental protection is a big challenge for the textile industry. The discharge and pollution of waste water from dyeing and printing plants have always been an important factor restricting the sustainable development and ecological environment protection of China's textile industry. Data show that China's textile industry wastewater daily emissions of about 31 million tons, of which about 80% of printing and dyeing wastewater. As the printing and dyeing wastewater quality with the raw materials, production varieties, production processes, management levels vary, resulting in the discharge of each dyeing process after the discharge of wastewater components is very complex. With the rapid development of dye industry and the improvement of finishing technology, new auxiliaries, dyes and finishing agents are widely used in printing and dyeing industry, and the content of refractory organic components is also increasing. Therefore, how to improve the ability of environmental remediation, promote the green industry, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the entire industry are the prominent problems facing the textile and printing industry today.

    An enterprise source said that the short-term prosperity is not the goal of the textile and chemical fiber market and the optimization of the industrial chain structure will be able to get more long-term development. The spirit of the report of the 19th National Congress will be transformed into a powerful impetus for development, better planning, better design and more long-term vision in order to have a brighter future.

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